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Gottfried Pilsener

How Czechs Have Shaped Chicago's History

Daniel Hautzinger

At the turn of the twentieth century, Chicago had the third-largest Czech population in the world, behind only Prague and Vienna. Czechs were deeply involved in the labor movement, politics, and more, as the producers of a new documentary on Czechs in Chicago explain. 
Lucy Parsons in 1886. Photo: Wikimedia Commons

Chicago's 'Anarchist Queen'

Daniel Hautzinger

Lucy Parsons was full of contradictions: an anarchist who defended marriage, a Black woman born into slavery who claimed her dark skin came from Mexican and Native American ancestry, a supporter of rights for women who didn't trust elections and thus never aligned herself with suffragists.
Workers leave the Pullman Palace Car Works, 1893. This picture appeared in a promotional booklet celebrating the labor policies of George Pullman.

The 125th Anniversary of One of America's Biggest Strikes

Daniel Hautzinger

Pullman was supposed to be an idyllic worker's town. But the restrictions and deprivations imposed by the wealthy George Pullman on his workers eventually led to one of the biggest labor actions in American history: the Pullman strike, which began 125 years ago. 
An engraving of the Haymarket Affair from Harper's Weekly

The Clash of Wealth and Labor in Chicago's Gilded Age

Daniel Hautzinger

Chicago epitomized the contradictions of late nineteenth century America, with its explosive growth and exorbitant wealth contrasting with abject squalor and a burgeoning labor movement. The two poles infamously came to a head several times in Chicago.
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